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Spinal Deformity

The spine is made up of over 25 small bones called vertebrae that support the upper body. The cervical spine (C-spine) is the upper portion, comprised of seven vertebrae. It supports the neck and head. The thoracic spine (T-spine) is comprised of 12 vertebrae, which connect to the rib cage and support the torso. The lumbar spine (L-spine) has five large vertebrae that support most of the body’s mass and weight. The sacrum is the base of the spine, and in most people, is comprised of 2-4 partially fused bones terminating in the coccyx (commonly known as the tailbone) within the pelvis.

The normal human spine has gentle curvatures, but when those curves are exaggerated, extreme, or displaced they’re considered deformities. Some deformities are subtle and not easily detected in a growing child. Signs of spine deformities include.

Associated diagnoses

A physical examination by your doctor is necessary to determine a deformity of the spine. Screening evaluations of children are routinely done in physician offices and at schools. These evaluations commonly involve a diagnostic test called the Adam’s forward bend test.

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
  • basal cell nevus syndrome.
  • degenerative lumbar scoliosis.
  • meningomyelocele.

A physical examination by your doctor is necessary to determine a deformity of the spine. Screening evaluations of children are routinely done in physician offices and at schools. These evaluations commonly involve a diagnostic test called the Adam’s forward bend test.

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